Physical education is a formal content area of study in schools that is standards based and encompasses assessment based on standards and benchmarks. It is defined as “a planned sequential K-12 standards-based program of curricula and instruction designed to develop motor skills, knowledge, and behaviors of healthy active living, physical fitness, sportsmanship, self-efficacy, and emotional intelligence.” As a school subject, physical education is focused on teaching school-aged children the science and methods of physically active, healthful living (NASPE, 2012). It is an avenue for engaging in developmentally appropriate physical activities designed for children to develop their fitness, gross motor skills, and health (Sallis et al., 2003; Robinson and Goodway, 2009; Robinson, 2011).
5 Approaches to Physical Education in Schools | Educating the Student Body: Taking Physical Activity and Physical Education to School | The National Academies PressTrost, S. 2009. Active education: Physical education, physical activity and academic performance. San Diego, CA: Active Living Research, San Diego State University.